Monday, 4 July 2016

Workbook Answers/Solutions of A Collection of ICSE Poems and Short Stories, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by - Robert Frost

I.

 (i) The woods belonged to a man, who lived in the village. The speaker has stopped by the woods to watch the snow filling up the woods.

(ii)The owner of the woods will not see the speaker stopping by the woods because he lives in the village.
The owner of the woods lives in the village, away from nature. Though he owns the woods, he cannot appreciate and enjoy the beauty of nature. Thus, there are man-made barriers which separate man from nature.

(iii) Woods, being “lovely, dark and deep”, symbolize sensuous enjoyment, the darkness of ignorance, as well as the dark inner self of man.
The village symbolizes society and civilization, beyond whose borders lie the woods.

(iv)The poet is standing just by the woods and looking at them. He is enchanted by the beauty of the woods.

(v)Yes, the poet is happy with his lonely state in the woods because:
(a) he finds solace in the thoughts that nobody is watching him; and
(b) he is enchanted with the natural beauty of the woods, snow and the frozen lake.



(vi)Robert Frost is regarded as a poet of nature. Unlike, William Wordsworth, another nature poet, who considers nature as a benevolent mother, Frost considers nature as hostile and alien. In this poem, the poet stops by the woodst and find them ‘lovely, dark and deep’. He finds himself being seduced by the natural beauty of the woods. But, he finds this seduction momentary and the charm is soon broken. He remembers that he has to move away from nature to fulfill his worldly obligation.


II.
(i) The horse has stopped between the woods and the frozen lake. The horse has stopped there because the rider (speaker) wants to see the beauty of the woods.

(ii)The horse considers it strange to stop between the woods and the frozen lake because there is no farmhouse, i.e., civilization, nearby and that too on the darkest evening of the year.

(iii)‘The darkest evening of the year’ refers to December 22, the longest night of the year, when there is biting cold. The word ‘darkness’ in the poem is suggestive of the mystery of nature — the source of nature’s beauty lies in its mystery, not in its familiarity.

(iv) Symbolically, the horse represents the domesticated part of the society and acts as its agent to remind the speaker of his responsibilities (by shaking of harness bells) and to wean him from indulging in pleasures of nature.

(v) The main theme of the poem is the basic conflict between an attraction towards nature and the pull of responsibilities. In this poem, the speaker stands by the woods and is enchanted by the beauty of nature. The shaking of the harness bells of his horse (symbolizing society) and the sound of the wind (symbolizing his inner voice) remind him that he cannot give in to irresponsible indulgence by enjoying the sensual pleasures of nature. He has certain worldly responsibilities which he must fulfill before he goes to sleep or before his life ends.


III.

 (i) ‘He’ refers to the speaker’s horse. He shakes his harness bells to ask the speaker if he has made a mistake in stopping by the woods.

(ii) ‘He’, i.e., the speaker’s horse considers it a mistake to stop by the woods because it is away from human society and the speaker is indulging in sensual pleasures of nature forgetting his worldly responsibilities.

(iii) The given lines mean that besides the sound made by the shaking of the harness bells of his horse, the only other sound heard was that of the moving wind and flakes of snow falling softly like feathers.

(iv) The shaking of the “harness bells” and the sweeping sound of wind break the speaker’s reverie and enchantment with nature and jolt him back into the world of reality. He is reminded of his responsibilities, which he must fulfill before he takes rest.

(v) The poet has created an atmosphere of isolation and mystery in the poem by making the speaker stop by the woods, away from men or human habitation. Further, the depiction of nature like freezing cold, frozen lake, falling snow, darkness and complete silence with the only sounds such as those of the shaking of the harness bells and the sweeping wind has been used to create an atmosphere of isolation and mystery.


IV.

(i) The speaker considers the woods as “lovely, dark and deep” because he finds them beautiful, mysterious and seductive. He cannot enjoy the natural scenery in the woods because he is reminded of his responsibilities, which he must fulfill and move on in life.

(ii) The ‘promises’ referred to by the speaker in the poem include the duties he has to perform and the responsibilities, he has to fulfill.
The world “sleep” in the poem has two meanings: (a) a metaphor for final sleep or death; and (b) it is symbolic of the deserved reward which the poet can achieve after keeping his promise, in contrast to the unearned pleasure of looking at the woods.

(iii) The woods act as an obstacle for keeping the speaker’s promises because the beauty of the woods make the speaker forget about the civilisation, his responsibilities, which lie outside of the woods and his purpose in life.

(iv) The last two lines of the poem are symbolic of the brief span of human life and the duties, which a man has to perform before he goes to sleep or before his life ends.

(v) Robert Frost’s poetry is universally recognised as comprising rural themes and dealing with the life of the humble dwellers of the country side. “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” describes the natural beauty of the woods, with the soft, silent whiteness of the frost, the frozen lake and the falling snow. It is away from human civilisation and enchants the speaker with its beauty and makes him forget his responsibilities.

V.

(i) The poet sees the “lovely, dark and deep” woods, the frozen lake and the soft, silent whiteness of the frost. The only sounds that he can hear are those made by the shaking of the harness bells of his horse and that of the sweeping wind.

(ii) The inner conflict in man expressed in the poem is that between an attraction towards nature and the pull of responsibilities, i.e., the conflict between desire and duty.

(iii) The natural beauty and mystery of the woods, with the soft, silent whiteness of the frost and the falling snow attract the poet.

(iv) The poet interprets the shaking of the harness bells of the horse as the horse questioning him if he has made a mistake in stopping by the woods, away from human habitation.
Symbolically, the shaking of the harness bells of the horse points to the society’s act of blaming the speaker for indulging in sensual pleasure, overlooking his responsibilities.

(v) The extract depicts the theme of isolation by portraying the speaker’s act of stopping by the woods, away from men or human habitation on a snowy and dark evening. There is complete silence and the only sounds the speaker can hear are from the shaking of the harness bells and the sweeping wind.

(vi) The contrasting images of the natural world and the man-made world in the poem are the following:
(a) the woods and the farm house.
(b) pleasure and business.
(c) solitude and society.
(d) freedom and responsibility.
(e) desire and duty.

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35 comments:

  1. THANKSSSS A LOT FOR POSTING SO MANY SOLUTIONS OF THE CHAPTERS EVEN AFTER FINISHING YOUR TENTH.GRATEFUL TO YOU.

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  2. THANKSSSS A LOT FOR POSTING SO MANY SOLUTIONS OF THE CHAPTERS EVEN AFTER FINISHING YOUR TENTH.GRATEFUL TO YOU.

    ReplyDelete
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  7. part two ..fourth ans is incompl

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  15. Why are last two lines repeated?

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    Replies
    1. To lay emphasis on the fact that humans have duties and responsibilities to be completed before enjoying and endulging themselves in other activities (lost in beauty of nature) .

      Delete
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  20. In second answer of 4th extract ,, there r some mistakes bro

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It is correct. There are no mistakes. Kindly read the poem carefully.

      Delete
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  26. Stopping by the woods: question 2.iv. is incomplete.

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